Asahi Kasei explores recycling of high-quality Carbon Fibre
Asahi Kasei, a diversified Japanese multinational company, has developed a new technology for recycling carbon fibre plastic compounds together with the National Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu College and Tokyo University of Science.
Carbon fibre reinforced plastics (CFRP) are highly attractive for various industries in demanding application fields due to their unique balance of rigidity, mechanical strength and light weight – also compared with conventional glass fibre reinforced plastics. However, CFRPs are expensive and challenging from a recycling perspective, as it is difficult to extract the carbon fibres from the resin after usage.
Together with its project partners at the National Institute of Technology at Kitakyushu College and the Tokyo University of Science, Asahi Kasei has developed a recycling method that allows carbon fibres to be extracted from CFRP or carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastics (CFRTP) used in automobiles.
This results in high-quality, inexpensive continuous carbon fibre that can be recycled perpetually, contributing to the circular economy. Unlike carbon fibre that is chopped up during the recycling process, Asahi Kasei’s method allows carbon fibre to be extracted from a plastic compound seamlessly, resulting in continuous strands of carbon fibre that can be reapplied in exactly the same manner while retaining properties identical to the original substance.
The conventional technologies for recycling carbon fibres by chopping and re-applying them results in a lower quality, less durable product that is insufficient for high-performance applications. To address this issue, Asahi Kasei has developed an “electrolyzed sulfuric acid solution method” that can decompose CFRP and CFRTP waste material in a way that allows the carbon fibre to retain its original strength and continuous nature while fully decomposing any residual resins present in the plastic waste.
This allows for its continued use in high-performance applications and presents an inexpensive, circular solution to the end-of-life dilemma of carbon fibre plastic compounds. Thus, these carbon fibre compounds present in vehicles for weight reduction can be easily and inexpensively be broken down at end-of-vehicle-life and reapplied to new vehicles in the future.
In addition, Asahi Kasei is developing a carbon fibre reinforced thermoplastic unidirectional tape (CFRTP-UD tape) that utilizes both recycled continuous carbon fibre and the company’s Leona™ polyamide resin. Boasting a higher strength than metal, this CFRTP-UD tape can be applied to automobile frames and bodies, further enabling the recycling of end-of-vehicle-life parts into different, new automobile parts.
This presents a solution to the long-term challenge that carbon fibre usage for vehicles has posed on the industry and is expected to economically benefit and strengthen carbon fibre’s usage within the automobile industry on a global scale. Moving forward, Asahi Kasei will perform demonstrations and develop the business, aiming for practical application around 2030.